“Nothing is certain except death and taxes.”
Physicians are commonly offered 1-, 2-, and 3-year employment contracts that appear ironclad and have automatic renewal clauses. The length of these contracts encourages us to believe we can confidently make major financial decisions based on expected income. Moreover, we want to believe that enduring years of training and oppressive loans has finally resulted in financial success. So, we read contracts hoping these agreements will be honored.
However, in medicine, there are no guarantees. This article discusses how physicians sign contracts that only guarantee 90 days of pay based on a facility’s ability to terminate an agreement on 90 days’ notice.
What Is a 90-Day Notice?
A 90-day notice is addressed in the “termination” section of your contract. This section defines the time interval required for either the practitioner or the facility to terminate the agreement. In most cases, either party must provide at least 90 days’ notice to terminate the agreement without cause. Some employment agreements may extend this to 120 days or longer. Independent contractor agreements may require as little as 30 days’ notice. This article refers to the 90-day interval, which is most common among employee contracts.
Since physician contracts are not guaranteed, they are only as good as the 90-day notice required to terminate a physician without cause.
In most cases, physicians do not sign guaranteed contracts like professional athletes. A professional athlete may be able to sit out, yet remain on the active roster and still get paid. It does not work that way in medicine.
In the sport of healthcare, facilities pay practitioners for services provided, not to win a participation trophy. Governmental agencies mandate hospitals pay employed practitioners for their direct services provided. Paying practitioners to sit idly in the doctors’ lounge would be frowned upon.
If you don’t show up and produce to the standards of a facility, they may let you go without cause. The facility must only give 90 days’ notice to terminate the contract. It’s very simple! Facilities are not required to pay a practitioner’s salary beyond 90 days.
Most employed physicians sign contracts with facilities that automatically renew once the contract is over. In reality, physicians agree to contracts that automatically renew on a daily basis due to the 90-day provision. Each day, the contract between the facility and practitioner renews for the following 90 days. In other words, you work tirelessly as a physician each day to extend your contract another 90 days.
This is not meant to suggest that all employed physicians should be worried about a facility terminating them in 90 days. It is a reminder that the length of the contract is not guaranteed. Remember, facilities may unilaterally end the agreement earlier than expected. This should lead all practitioners to evaluate their employment contracts carefully. What if a facility were to give a 90-day notice and you were not expecting it?
The 90-day requirement is a double-edged sword. As easily as an employer can terminate the contract, so can the physicians. Just like the employer, a physician can cut short a contract by giving 90 days’ notice. This can be a blessing for physicians looking for a way out.
Physicians must be hopeful that facilities will honor their agreement to keep them employed for the length of the contract. If facilities honor their agreements with physicians, then there should be a sense of job stability for the length of the contract. That said, all physicians must know that any contract can be shortened, and the facility must only provide a 90-day notice.
This is not professional sports; this is healthcare. Guaranteed contracts don’t exist. Guarantees in medicine are hard to come by, especially for employed physicians. This article discussed how an employment contract might appear to be a guarantee but should not be thought of as such. In truth, the contract length can be shortened at any time by a facility providing 90 days’ notice to terminate. Take the time to review your contract and think about what is guaranteed. Many employed physicians are only guaranteed the next 90 days.
Aaron Morgenstein, MD, is an orthopedic surgeon. Victoria Brown, MD, is a hematology-oncology physician.
This post appeared on KevinMD.